The country's geographical position, between two continental masses and two oceans, with a varied topography, has provided Costa Rica with numerous microclimates.
Costa Rica preserves a significant part of the national territory -about 13,000 square kilometers, or 8,077 square miles-n the form of national parks and reserves.
This amounts to close to 25% of the country, divided into over 30 protected areas.
In 0,03% of the world's surface, 3,6% of the planet's biodiversity is preserved by law. In fact, Costa Rica holds over 90.000 known species; approximately 4,5% of the world's know biodiversity.
National Biodiversity Institute (1999). Costa Rica's Biodiversity in Numbers.: INBIO.